Mount Rushmore National Memorial is one of the most popular landmarks in the United States or the USA. Along with the heads of the four major presidents of the USA, the monument has appeared in numerous films, advertisements, spoofs, etc. located in South Dakota, with approximately three million visitors from around the world visiting the monument each year. If you’ve ever visited this monument or been fascinated by just looking at the pictures, enlighten yourself with these interesting Mount Rushmore facts. If you are planning to travel somewhere, book your flight with JetBlue Airlines Reservations.
Take a look at these interesting facts:
- Mount Rushmore was named Charles E., a New York lawyer. It is named after Rushmore, who, while visiting the Black Hills at Keystone, asked for the name of this particular mountain. Today, it is also popular as a presidential mountain.
- Historian Don Robinson came up with the idea of creating a sculpture in the Black Hills because he wanted to attract tourists to South Dakota.
- The four US Presidents on Mount Rushmore are George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. These four presidents were chosen because of their role in establishing, expanding, preserving, and integrating the USA.
- Mount Rushmore is situated at an altitude of 5725 feet and the particular mountain was chosen for its grand location. The President’s sculptures are carved on the Granite Mountains because it was believed that due to the high quality of granite, the life of the statues would belong.
- The project to carve out presidents was awarded to Gutzon Borglum, a famous Dutch-American sculptor, and his son Lincoln Borglum.
- Work on the mountains began on 4 October 1927 and ended on 31 October 1941. His son completed the project.
- Around 400 workers were involved in the work of this huge project. Surprisingly, despite the great height of the mountain and other dangerous conditions, no worker suffered any major injury or death.
- Most of the granite (about 8 million pounds) was removed using a stick of dynamite called powder monkey. This was followed by a process called honeycomb. A pointing machine, a device designed by Borglum, was used to mark the image of the presidents on the mountain.
- The face of each president is the same as the height of a six-story building. While his nose is 20 feet long, his eyes are beyond 11 feet. The width of their mouth is about 18 feet.
- Undergone nine changes until the original plan was completed. The original plan included the presidents’ image from head to waist. However, due to lack of funds, only the heads of presidents were carved on the mountain.
- Another major change that occurred during the construction of the monument is the state of the sculpture of President Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson should have been on the authority of George Washington. However, after months of work, the rock was found to be very thin and unsuitable. Therefore, it was dynamic and a new sculpture was erected to the left of George Washington.
- The sculptor wanted to carve the image of the presidents on the mountain as well as some inscriptions. However, the plan was abandoned for two reasons. One: lack of funds, and two: the fact that it will not be seen from afar. Gutzon called these inscriptions entablatures.
- Gutzon Borglum also planned the Hall of Records behind the head of Abraham Lincoln. They started work and a 70-foot tunnel was dug in stone. However, the work was stopped due to insufficient funds. Nevertheless, efforts to complete the work began in 1998 and today you will find historical and biographical information about Hall Rushmore and the Presidents and many other documents and texts in the Hall. They are all preserved inside a titanium vault, in a teakwood box.
- Susan B., the rightful leader of women. A bill mentioning the need to add Anthony’s image was introduced to Congress in 1937.
- Today, the memorial includes a museum, a visitor center, and the President’s Trail. Just above the museum is the Grand View terrace, which gives the best view of the four presidents.
- One inch of the monument will be lost every 10,000 years due to erosion.
I hope that these things about Mount Rushmore National Memorial will greatly influence your interest to see this interesting monument. So, travel to South Dakota to see this amazing man-made miracle.